Low-carbon system of agricultural production in the Left Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine

Keywords: low-carbon system of agricultural production, agroecosystem, agro-resource potential

Abstract

Based on the research results it was determined that to significantly reduce the "carbon footprint" of the obtained products, it is necessary to optimize the distribution of produced biomass among food, energy raw materials, soil, and gaseous losses. When accumulating 10 t /ha of dry matter of plant biomass in the typical zonal crop rotation of the Left Bank Forest-Steppe, it is advisable to transform it into 0.8-1.0 t /ha of meat and dairy products, 1.3-1.5 t /ha of oil and sugar, 1.2-1.5 t /ha of methane and 0.6-0.8 t /ha of stable humus substances. In the process of such transformation, half of the organic carbon accumulated in the process of photosynthesis is used for the needs of the biological components of the agroecosystem, namely plants, animals, and microbial soil coenosis. Allocation of part of biomass for the energy supply of agro-technological processes is accompanied by minimization of the use of non-renewable energy sources. The final products extracted from the agro-ecosystem in the form of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates have mainly carbon-oxygen elemental composition. As a result, a closed cycle of macro- and microelements is formed, which, along with total disinfection of all wastes, minimizes the use of agrochemicals, the production of which is also accompanied by the entry into the atmosphere of large amounts of greenhouse gases (GHG). In the example of a typical Left Bank Forest-Steppe agricultural enterprise a close to an optimal model of agricultural production was worked out, which synchronized and balanced operation of components provides not only high economic efficiency but also in the long run allows to obtain additional profits from reducing GHG emissions. It is shown that when implementing the proposed system of agricultural production, its profitability will be about 3.5 thousand USD / ha, taking into account the value of emission quotas, this figure will increase by 20%. In doing so that does not take into account the possibility of increasing the competitiveness of products with a short carbon footprint, their labeling as organic and other benefits.

References

1. Blandford, D., & C. Hassapoyannes (2018). The Role of Agriculture in Global Greenhouse Gas Mitigation,” OECD Papers on Food, Agriculture and Fisheries. OECD Publishing, Paris. https://doi.org/10.1787/da017ae2-en.
2. OECD. (2019). Enhancing Climate Change Mitigation through Agriculture, OECD Publishing, Paris, https://dx.doi.org/10.1787/e9a79226-en.
3. Eory, Vera & Bapasola, A & Boyd, I & Campbell, J & Cole, Lorna & Genk, K & Allan, G & Kay, Alison & Macleod, Michael & Moran, Darwin & Moxley, Janet & Rees, Bob & Sherrington, C & Watson, Christine. (2017). Evidence review of the potential wider impacts of climate change Mitigation options: Agriculture, forestry, land use and waste sectors. 10.13140/RG.2.2.27098.54722.
4. Tian, H. et al. (2016). The terrestrial biosphere as a net source of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. Nature, Vol. 531, Issue 7593, 225-232.
5. Fellmann, T. et al. (2018). Major challenges of integrating agriculture into climate change mitigation policy frameworks. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 23/3, 451-468, http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11027-017-9743-2.
6. Govers, G., Merckx, R., Van Oost, K., & Van Wesemael, B. Soil Organic Carbon Management for Global Benefits: A Discussion Paper.In Proceedings of the Workshop organised by the Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel of the Global Environmental Facility. Soil Organic Carbon Benefits: A Scoping Study. Nairobi, Kenia, 10–12 September 2012.
7. Kuzyakov, Y., Horwath, W.R., Dorodnikov, M., Blagodatskaya, E. (2019). Review and synthesis of the effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 on soil processes: No changes in pools, but increased fluxes and accelerated cycles. Soil Biol. Biochem., 128, 66–78.
8. Carlson, K. et al. (2016). Greenhouse gas emissions intensity of global croplands. Nature Climate Change, Vol. 7/1, 63-68, http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate3158.
9. Amundson, R., and L. Biardeau (2018)/ Opinion: Soil carbon sequestration is an elusive climate mitigation tool. PNAS, Vol. 115/46, 11652-11656. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1815901115.
10. Bossio, D., et al. (2020), “The role of soil carbon in natural climate solutions. Nature Sustainability, Vol. 3, 391-398, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-020-0491-z.
11. Wollenberg, E. et al. (2016). Reducing emissions from agriculture to meet the 2oC target. Global Change Biology, Vol. 22, Issue 12, 3859-3864.
12. Valin H. et al. (2013). Agricultural productivity and greenhouse gas emissions: Trade-offs or synergies between mitigation and food security Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 8, No. 3. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/035019.
13. Tishchenko, L.M., Korniienko, S.I., & Dubrovin V.A. (2015). Tekhnolohichni karty vyroshchuvannia silskohospodarskykh kultur: monohrafiia. L.M. Tishchenka (Ed). Khark. nats. tekhn. un-t s.-h. im. Petra Vasylenka. Kharkiv: KhNTUSH.
14. Havlík, P. et al. (2014). Climate change mitigation through livestock system transitions”, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 111/10, 3709-3714. http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1308044111.
15. Herrero, M., et al. (2016). Greenhouse gas mitigation potentials in the livestock sector, Nature Publishing Group. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2925.
16. Zvit pro doslidzhennia po proektu Rozvytok mozhlyvostei spilnoho vprovadzhennia v Ukraini. (2007). Doslidzhennia danykh pro diialnist ta koefitsiientiv vykydiv vuhlekysloho hazu pry vykorystanni vapniaku i dolomite. Datske Ahentstvo z okhorony navkolyshnoho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha ta Ministerstvo okhorony navkolyshnoho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha Ukrainy. Kyiv.
17. Romashcenko, M.I, & Tarariko, Yu.O. (Eds.). (2017). Meliorovani ahroekosystemy. Nizhyn: Vydavets PP Lysenko M.M.
18. Orhanichne vyrobnytstvo i prodovolcha bezpeka. (2013). Zhytomyr: Polissia.
19. European Commission (2020). A Farm to Fork Strategy for a fair, healthy and environmentally-friendly food system. https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/ communication-annex-farm-fork-greendeal_en.pdf.
20. Postanova Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy. (2006). Pro zatverdzhennia Poriadku pidhotovky, rozghliadu, skhvalennia ta realizatsii proektiv, spriamovanykh na skorochennia obsiahu antropohennykh vykydiv parnykovykh haziv. N 206 vid 22 liutoho 2006 r.
21. World Bank (2020). State and Trends of Carbon Pricing 2020. World Bank Group, Washington DC. http://hdl.handle.net/10986/33809.
22. Kovalenko, P.I., Kysil, V.I., & Lisovy, M.V. (Eds.). (2006). Dovhostrokovi statsionarni polovi doslidy Ukrainy. Reiestr atestativ. Kharkiv: «Drukarnia №13».
23. Tarariko, Yu.O. (2007). Formyrovanye ustoichyvykh ahroekosystem. Kyiv: DYA.
24. Normatyvy gruntozakhysnykh konturno-melioratyvnykh system zemlerobstva. (1998). Kyiv.
Published
2022-06-28
How to Cite
Tarariko, Y., Soroka, Y., & Lychuk, H. (2022). Low-carbon system of agricultural production in the Left Bank Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Land Reclamation and Water Management, (1), 81 - 88. https://doi.org/10.31073/mivg202201-318