State and prospects of microirrigation’ application in the context of climate change

Keywords: climate change, methods of micro-irrigation, drip irrigation, perspective directions of development

Abstract

The article provides a comprehensive analysis of the current state, reasonably promising directions for the development of microirrigation methods in Ukraine through the prism of climatic transformations. The dynamics of the areas of agricultural crops irrigated using microirrigation methods in the world and in Ukraine, as well as the structure of the areas of micro-irrigation in the context of regions of Ukraine and types of crops are shown. The largest agricultural enterprises, which are domestic leaders in the introduction of microirrigation methods, equipment manufacturers and suppliers of technical means of microirrigation, have been identified. The current stage of development of microirrigation in Ukraine is defined as a level of high understanding of technologies of its application and constantly growing use of opportunities and expansion of spheres of application of these methods of irrigation. The essential importance of domestic research institutions in the development and popularization of microirrigation methods is emphasized. With the use of theoretical methods of scientific research (analysis and synthesis, comparison, classification and generalization), the most significant scientific results of IWPaLM NAAS are systematized and a list of prepared regulatory and methodological documents in the direction of microirrigation is given. The need of Ukraine in microirrigation systems for agricultural crops for the period up to 2030 is given, trends and promising directions for the development of microirrigation methods that correspond to both the global trend of environmentally friendly irrigation and the principles of resource and energy conservation are given. The importance of state support for the introduction of microirrigation methods in terms of increasing the amount of budgetary allocations under the existing programs of state support for the agricultural sector of the Ukrainian economy is determined.

Author Biographies

M. I. Romashchenko, Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation of NAAS, Kyiv

Dr. habill in technical sciences

A. P. Shatkovskyi, Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation of NAAS, Kyiv

Dr. habill. in agrarian sciences

V. V. Vasiuta, Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation of NAAS, Kyiv

Dr. habill. in agrarian sciences

O. V. Zhuravlov, Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation of NAAS, Kyiv

Ph. D.

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Published
2020-12-21
How to Cite
Romashchenko, M., Shatkovskyi, A., Vasiuta, V., Zhuravlov, O., Usatyi, S., Usata, L., & Ovchatov, I. (2020). State and prospects of microirrigation’ application in the context of climate change. Land Reclamation and Water Management, (2), 31 - 38. https://doi.org/10.31073/mivg202002-262