Assessment of the influence of the Viriva granite quarry on the condition of the surface and ground waters within the Vyry village

Keywords: quarry area, water quality, runoff volume, climatic changes

Abstract

Analyzed the results of their own research to assess the impact of the Vyrovsky granite quarry on the state of surface and ground waters within the village of Vyry, Sarny district, Rivne region of Ukraine. Research methods: hydrogeological, sanitary-chemical, analytical. It has been established that the technological process of extracting granite and producing construction crushed stone does not involve the use of a large amount of water. Pit water is used as process water without additional intake of surface or groundwater. The main problems during the exploitation of the car, which are found on the enterprises, are connected with water. The stench is overwhelmed by the surging of ground and surface waters and the need for input for the safety of normal minds of their exploitation. Significant watering of the area's surface is due to the abundance of atmospheric precipitation, relatively flat relief, the presence of a small thickness of sedimentary rocks covering the crystalline massifs. So, the chemical and biological pollution of the river. The extraction by quarry waters does not occur, since the results of laboratory studies of the quarry water did not show its contamination. In general, the Vyrovsky granite quarry does not affect the volume of the river flow. Alignment, for a long time of operation of the Vyrovsky granite quarry, the groundwater levels of the aquifer have already been established and currently remain relatively stable. Further development of the open pit area will not affect the lowering of the groundwater level within the village. Vyry. Decrease in water levels in wells and wells within the village. Vyry in recent years (2015-2020) is associated with climatic changes, which led to a decrease in precipitation, an increase in temperature and evaporation and, as a consequence, a very low water content in rivers practically throughout Ukraine.

Author Biographies

S. A. Shevchuk, Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation of NAAS, Kyiv

Ph. D in technical sciences

O. V. Zorina, SI "Institute of Public Health. OM Marzeeva NAMSU », Kyiv, Ukraine

Doctor of biol. science

A. M. Shevchenko, Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation of NAAS, Kyiv

Ph. D of agriculture sciences

Y. O. Mavrykin, Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation of NAAS, Kyiv

Ph. D student

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Published
2021-12-23
How to Cite
Shevchuk, S., Zorina, O., Shevchenko, A., Kozytsky, O., & Mavrykin, Y. (2021). Assessment of the influence of the Viriva granite quarry on the condition of the surface and ground waters within the Vyry village. Land Reclamation and Water Management, (2), 69 - 78. https://doi.org/10.31073/mivg202102-290